Pear

Posted by shane - January 13, 2017 - A-Z Plant Maintenance, Fruit Trees, Trees - No Comments

Pyrus ussuriensis

P. ussuriensis ‘Early Gold’

P. ussuriensis ‘Golden Spice’

Pear is one of my favourite trees for the Prairies.  It has an excellent flower display in spring, dark, glossy green foliage througout summer, and outstanding fall colour, which varies according to conditions in the fall, but often in the oranges, peaches, and reds, and purple hues.  It take them many years to reach mature height, and their size and form are appropriate for today’s size of residential landscapes.

Pears are uncommon, especially compared the apples, crabapples, and the ornamental crabs.  They are supremely hardy and deserve more attention.  We plant them regularly, when they are available.  Pears are useful in commercial plantings, where an upright oval form is preferred to a broad, or circular tree form.  We use them at condo-type plantings because they are less likely to be mutilated by the lawn maintenance contractors.

Fall colour in Sylvan Lake. S. LePage photo.

Structural pruning is a must on young trees, for several years after planting.  Pruning a pear effectively, without leaving 90 degree angled cuts, is a challenge, simply due to the growth habit of the tree.  As with most trees, pears perform well in a moist, well-drained loam.  They are drought-tolerant once established.  Growth of 18″-24″ per season is not uncommon in good soil with adequate moisture.

We haven’t had much incidence of disease with pears, but like apples, they are subject to fireblight.

Exposure

Full sun

Pruning Time

Dormancy is best (late October – early April)

Pruning

Prune as a central-leader standard, with well spaced scaffold limbs.  Reduce co-dominant stems.

Crown Reduction

A natural form is pest for pears.  Allow a 10′ radius around the plant when choosing a planting site.

 

(c) 2017 Shane LePage, Wild Rose Garden & Tree Service Inc., Red Deer, AB.